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英语演讲技巧

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-11-03

演讲的四个目标

1。提供信息; To offer information;

2.使听众感到乐趣; To entertain the audience;

3。动之以情; To touch emotions;

4。使听众行动起来; To move to action;

 

演讲切忌

1。语速太快; Talking too rapidly;

2.声音单调; Speaking in monotone;

3.声音尖细; Using too high a vocal pitch;

4。谈得太多,说得太少; Talking and not saying much;

5.感情不充分; Presenting without enough emotion or passion;

6.对观众采取一种居高临下的姿态; Talking down to the audience;

7.夸张的词语使用得太多; Using too many "big" words;

8。使用抽象概念而不给出事例加以说明; Using abstractions without giving concrete examples

9.使用别人不熟悉的技术术语; Using unfamiliar technical jargon;

10.使用俚语或粗俗语; Using slang or profanity;

11.演讲无组织,散乱无序; Disorganized and rambling performance;

12.说话绕弯子,不切中主题; Indirect communication i.e. beating around the bush;

 

怎样与听众交流

1.要有值得交流的观点; A message worth communicating;

2。引起听众的注意:抓住他们的兴趣并赢得信任; Gain the listeners' attention: capture their interest and build their trust;

3。重视理解; Emphasize understanding;

4.获得反馈; Obtain their feedback;

5.注意声调,要有感情; Watch your emotional tone;

6.说服听众; Persuade the audience;

 

怎样变得自信

1。微笑并看着观众; Smile and glance at the audience;

2.开始发言时要慢一点,身体保持昂首挺胸的姿态; Start very slowly, with your shoulders back and your chin up;

3.开场白说一些真诚话; Open your speech by saying something very frankly;

4.穿上自己最好的衣服; Wear your very best clothes;

5.对自己说一些积极的话 ; Say something positive to / about yourself

怎样组织演讲

1.要有一个结构:可以分一二三点;可以从地理上分东南西北;比较与对比;我方与他方;正面与反面;

To have a structure: such as first, second, third; geographically, north, south, east, west; compare and contrasts; our side versus their side; negative and positive;

2。将材料归类整理,如笑话、趣事、名人名言、有趣的数据

To label the materials such as jokes, funny anecdotes, favorite sayings, interesting statistics;

3.使用卡片; To use note cards;

 

怎样使用卡片

1。在卡片的右上角标上数字;

Number your cards on the top right;

2.在第一张和最后一张上写上完整的句子;

Write a complete sentence on both your first and last card;

3.其他卡片上最多只能写五个关键词;

Write up to five key words on other cards;

4.用颜色来标记你想强调的词;

Use color to mark the words you want to emphasize;

5.在某一处提醒自己查看时间.

Remind yourself at a particular sport to check the time。

 

演讲指南

1.预先计划好

Plan well in advance.

2。保证自己充分了解在活动中的角色

Make sure you fully understand your role in the program.

3.认真地构思演讲,使其结构符合逻辑

Devote care to structuring your speech logically.

4。认真设定适当的基调

Devote care to setting the proper tone.

 

如何开头

1.讲个(自己的)故事; To tell a story (about yourself).

2.对大家能够聚在一起表示感谢; To acknowledge the occasion of the gathering.

3。称赞一下听众; To pay the listeners a compliment。

4。引用名人名言; To quote

5.使用一些不平常的数据 ; To use unusual statistics.

6.问观众一个挑战性的问题; To ask the audience a challenging question;

7.播放录像带或看幻灯片; To show a video or a slide.

 

如何结尾

1。重复你的开头; To repeat your opening。

2.概括你的演讲; To summarize your presentation.

3。以趣事结尾 ; To close with an anecdote。

4.以号召行动结尾; To end with a call to action.

5。以反问结尾 ; To ask a rhetorical question。

6.以一个陈述句结尾; To make a statement.

7。展示演讲大纲; To show an outline of your presentation。

眼神交流 1.眼睛慢慢地从一个移动到另一个人,在每一个人身上停留两到三秒钟时间; Move your eyes slowly from person to person, and pause two or three seconds with each listener;

2.眼睛直视听众,或看着他们的鼻梁或下巴 ; Look at people straight or look at the bridge of their noses or chins;

3.找到那些看起来比较友善的听众,逐次朝他们微笑;然后目标转向那些有些怀疑的听众,也逐渐朝他们微笑; Look for the friendlier faces and smile at them one by one, then move on to the more skeptical members and smile at them one by one also;

4.如果你感到紧张,不妨想象听众都穿着浴衣的样子; Imagine the audience in bathrobes in case you are nervous.

 

紧张的典型特征

1.手放在口袋里; Hands in pockets

2.眨眼次数过多; Increased blinking of the eyes ;

3.害怕眼神的接触; Failure to make eye contact;

4.舔嘴唇和抿嘴唇; Licking and biting of the lips ;

5.敲叩手指; Finger tapping ;

6.手势又急又快; Fast, jerky gestures

 

如何使用手势

1。手可以指点着假想的物体,不要用食指指着别人;

Point at imaginary objects and don't point at others with your index finger;

2.尺寸的大小和数量的多少也可以通过两手的扩张和收缩来演示

Size or quantity can also easily be shown by expanding or contracting the hands;

3.手抬起并与头成四十五度角,优雅地用手势表示出数字

Gracefully show your audience the appropriate number of fingers by holding your hands at a 45 degree angle from your head;

4。如果想要强调长度尺寸的大小,将两手伸向前方,尽量分开,并上下移动。

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